Autism is a kind of psychological disorder, and the high prevalence is in children. If children suffer from autism, it is not good for their growth and development as well as their future development. Parents are also worried about their children with autism, what are the causes of autism? We know that autism must be treated in time, how can autism be treated? There are also many parents who do not know the symptoms of autism. Here are some answers for you.
Causes of autism
Congenital metabolic disorders, such as phenylketonuria, cause dysfunction and disorders of brain cells, which can affect the function of neurological transmission and cause autism.
In 20% of autistic people, his family can be found to have intelligence deficiency, delayed language development and similar autism. In addition, about 10% of autistic boys have chromosomal fragility disorder.
3, The influence of the home environment on the child is extremely profound
Frequent arguments or even divorce between parents can easily lead to a heavy mental burden and an autistic and introverted personality in children. Or parents are too cold and harsh to their children, lack of family warmth. All these may lead to the child’s illness.
4,Most of the affected children are related to heredity
Some children suffer from autism mainly because there may be someone in the family who has this disease. Scientific research has proven that genetic factors have become one of the main causes of autism.
5,The child lives in an overly monotonous environment for a long time
If the child has been living in a lack of rich and appropriate stimulation, and the parents do not teach social behavior properly, the child often stimulates itself with repetitive movements and gradually loses interest in the outside world, which leads to the onset of autism.
6,Viral infection during pregnancy
During pregnancy, a woman may be infected with measles or influenza virus, which may cause damage to the fetus’ brain development and lead to autism.
Factors including incomplete brain development due to distress abortion during pregnancy, premature birth during delivery, brain injury in newborns, and brain injury caused by diseases such as encephalitis and meningitis in infants may increase the chance of autism.
How to treat autism
The aim is to make parents maintain a good state of mind, understand the disease and the characteristics of the child’s development, master the basic methods of caring, educating and training the child and correcting the child’s abnormal behavior, so that they can better cooperate with the doctor and carry out behavior correction and education training for the child at home.
Different children have different deficiencies and different degrees of severity, parents can develop training methods that meet the needs of their children under the guidance of doctors, and follow the training plan, and when certain results are achieved, further training can be carried out according to doctors’ recommendations.
There are many behaviors that affect the child’s safety and social adaptability, such as stereotyped behavior, self-injury, and severe paranoia, so it is important to choose a reasonable behavior method to correct the abnormal behavior. Through behavior modification, the child’s abnormal behavior can be improved and good behavior can be established.
Symptoms of autism
1,Indifference to the surrounding
Children with autism are often indifferent to what is going on around them and seem to be deaf and blind. They seem to be living in their own little world, and their eyes often change and do not easily stay on the things others ask them to pay attention to. In addition, their gaze does not look at each other or even avoid each other’s gaze, usually when the activities of the gaze also wandered, look at people often squinting, squinting or afterglow, etc., rarely look directly and rarely show a smile, and never greet people.
2, Narrow interests and repetitive behavior
Children with autism often focus on one or several games or activities for a long time, such as being obsessed with rotating pot lids, monotonously placing blocks, watching TV commercials and weather forecasts, but they are not interested in cartoons, children’s TV and movies that children usually like. Most children also show purposeless activities, excessive activities, monotonous and repetitive jumping, clapping, waving, running and rotating, and some even show self-injury and self-harm, such as repeatedly picking their nostrils, picking their mouths, biting their lips, sucking and other actions.
Children with autism do not like to be close to people since infancy, and even when facing their parents, they feel detached and do not respond to their parents’ calls and closeness. When family members want to pick him up, he will not reach out and show the posture of expecting to be held, and there is no discomfort of separation when facing parents who are off work.
4,Lack of social interaction skills
Children with autism do not interact with children, and when they are looking for children to play with, they often suddenly shoot people below or tug down their clothes, and then turn around and leave by themselves. Most of the time, they just play by themselves or look outside alone.
5,Lagging and unbalanced intellectual development
Most of the children have slower intellectual development than their peers, but a few of them have normal or near normal intelligence. However, some of them are surprisingly good in a certain aspect of intellectual activities, which is incredible. Many of them have strong mechanical memory ability, especially the ability to remember words and symbols. For example, a 3 or 4 year old child particularly likes to recognize words, and he takes the initiative to ask what to read when he sees a word, and he remembers it only after asking once. For this reason, he can read children’s story books fluently and effortlessly, indicating that he has a lot of vocabulary, but when he has to use words to express himself, there are obvious difficulties, indicating that they have impairment in understanding language and using language skills.
6,Prominent language impairment
Most children with autism have very little language, and in severe cases, they do not speak for the rest of their lives. Some of them are reluctant to speak even if they can speak, but only use gestures instead, or repeat some monotonous words in a low voice or to themselves. Some children will only imitate what others have said, but will not use their own language to carry on a conversation. Many children are unable to ask or answer questions, and often use confusing pronouns to communicate, such as “you” and “he” instead of themselves. Many children with autism also have frequent screaming episodes, which can sometimes last until the age of 5-6 or longer.
Why do children develop autism? The reasons have been analyzed above, and we hope that parents and friends will pay more attention to them. The above has introduced the causes of autism, the treatment of autism and the symptoms of autism, I believe you should now have some understanding of autism, we must actively carry out treatment when suffering from autism, this disease is generally adhering to the early detection and early treatment of the way.