After autumn, the weather slowly becomes cold, the human body’s resistance will decline, thus triggering the emergence of some diseases, especially the middle-aged and elderly friends, they themselves are older, physical quality is not as good as young people, so when it comes to cold weather, it is more likely to get sick, so the daily health care becomes more important. So what diseases are the elderly prone to in autumn? How to do a good job of health care to prevent the appearance of disease?
What diseases are the elderly prone to in the fall?
Because of the cold weather in autumn, the blood vessels contract and become thin, easily lead to insufficient blood supply to the heart and brain. In addition, the dry climate, breathing consumes a lot of water, which makes the blood viscosity high and the blood flow is not smooth, leading to blood vessel blockage. And the temperature difference between morning and evening, a cold and a hot easily lead to vascular spasm, blood pressure fluctuations, can cause cardiovascular disease.
2, acute gastroenteritis
The human digestive function gradually decreases with autumn, the intestinal tract resistance to disease, and the temperature drops so that the body’s gastric acid secretion increases, but also easy to make the gastrointestinal spasmodic contraction, gastric disease will come.
Because of age, the loss of joint cartilage nutrition is serious, resulting in joint degeneration and wear, and the weather turns cold, the temperature drops leading to local blood circulation in the joints is affected, resulting in a high incidence of arthritis in the fall, serious disability.
4, chronic bronchitis
Middle-aged and elderly people are vulnerable to bacterial attack because of their weak constitution. The climate in autumn is unstable and various epidemic diseases start to multiply. If you have a cough for a long time after recovering from a cold, it may develop into chronic bronchitis. Chronic bronchitis is a common disease in the elderly, and it is easy to develop chronic bronchitis due to cold, smoking, allergies, climate change, and atmospheric pollution, which causes repeated infections of the bronchi and fine bronchi. life threatening.
The former is mainly affected by environmental pollution, while the latter is controlled by genetic inheritance and immune system function, but with the lowering of temperature and temperature, these two diseases are prone to develop.
6, Alzheimer’s disease
Alzheimer’s disease is a brain dysfunction caused by organic damage to the brain, resulting in degenerative and persistent organic damage such as memory impairment and poor understanding and judgment, forgetfulness, and self-control. People with low immune function, depression, ischemic cerebrovascular disease, or a history of chronic hypertension, hyperlipidemia, or heart disease are usually more likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease. Many times it is often mistaken for the aging phenomenon of the elderly, making the patient miss a better time for treatment.
How to maintain health care for the middle-aged and elderly in autumn?
1,Eating to nourish Yin and moisten the lungs
Diet should be “nourishing Yin and moistening the lungs” as the basic guideline, in addition, “less pungency and more acid”. That is, more sesame, walnuts, glutinous rice, honey, sugar cane, etc., can play a role in nourishing Yin and moistening the lungs and nourishing blood; eat less onions, ginger, garlic, chili peppers and other spicy food; eat more mandarin, hawthorn, fresh vegetables, sour food. For the old and weak stomach, you can drink porridge in the morning to benefit the bones and produce fluid.
2,Reasonable matching diet
The elderly have poorer ability to regulate hunger and satiety, and often hypoglycemia will occur when hungry, and increase the burden on the heart when overfed. Therefore, you should eat less and more meals and eat on time. Generally, at least three meals are eaten daily, and it is recommended to add two or three more side meals. The interval between 3 main meals is 4 to 6 hours, and side meals are placed between main meals and 1 hour before bedtime. Each meal is eight or nine minutes full, seven minutes full is better. The elderly should be appropriate to use coarse grains, such as millet, corn, oats, sweet potatoes.
3,More fitness exercise
It is not suitable for sedentary, sedentary easy to make muscle decline or atrophy, reading the newspaper should not be too long, in 1-2 hours is better, more to participate in outdoor activities for their own, such as walking, jogging, eight duanjin, taijiquan and other exercises, the right amount of exercise, can strengthen the body, improve physical fitness.
4, more brain to prevent Alzheimer’s disease
Older people cultivate a few more of their own hobbies in life to keep the cerebral cortex excited and active, and the nerve cells will not atrophy so quickly. Actively participate in brain activities, play chess, mahjong, etc. are effective ways to exercise the brain, can prevent the occurrence of dementia.
5,Pleasure of body and mind, cultivate sentiment
The autumn breeze is sluggish and the bleak scenery of nature can easily lead to negative emotions of pessimism and sadness among the elderly. Therefore, the elderly should pay special attention to mental health care, and can choose appropriate cultural and recreational activities such as chess, calligraphy and painting, raising flowers and planting plants, playing with birds, etc., in order to enjoy the body and mind, cultivate sentiment and spend their twilight years peacefully.
6, pay attention to warmth, add clothes at the right time
Do not rush to add clothes in the cool of autumn, the elderly can add thick clothes at the right time. In the cool autumn morning and evening, pay attention not to let the “back” and “heart” cold, if necessary, you can put on an undershirt or sweater undershirt first. The elderly should cover a quilt when they sleep at night, only then will their backs not be frozen at night, there is also the morning and evening to pay attention to add a piece of clothing to prevent colds.
The above is to introduce what diseases the elderly are prone to get in autumn and how to maintain health care, I hope it will help you. In short, the cold weather in autumn, the elderly should do a good job of health care, so as to reduce the appearance of some diseases, so in daily life to develop good habits, do a good job of the above points, can try to stay away from various diseases.